Thursday 1 December 2011

Protocol conformance testing a SIP registrar

Photo: Tiptel
In recent years we have successfully applied model-based mutation testing to several implementations of communication protocols. In our work reported in

Bernhard K. Aichernig, Bernhard Peischl, Martin Weiglhofer, and Franz Wotawa. Protocol conformance testing a SIP registrar: an industrial application of formal methods. In Mike Hinchey and Tiziana Margaria, editors, Fifth IEEE International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods (SEFM 2007), 10-14 September 2007, London, England, UK, pages 215–226. IEEE Computer Society, 2007. (PDF) (doi:10.1109/SEFM.2007.31)

we tested parts of the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) used in internet telephony in order to register and connect communication partners.

Our case study targeted a commercial and an open-source (OpenSER) SIP registrar. Furthermore, we compared the mutation approach to a standard model-based test case generation technique. Our mutation technique generated 124 test cases, compared to 6000 test cases generated by the standard approach.

The 6000 tests discovered nine different faults in the commercial SIP registrar and four in the open-source registrar OpenSER.

Interesting was the fact that the comparatively small set of 124 mutation tests uncovered one additional fault in the commercial implementation that was not detected by the 6000 tests of the classical approach.

This is a further indication that mutation testing could play an important role in a mature testing process.

Another important contribution of this paper was to show how our mutation technique could be scaled to larger models. We sliced the models with the help of markers around the injected faults.